Melanoma Education

Melanoma Prevention

Can Melanoma Be Prevented?

Research suggests that nearly 90% of cutaneous melanomas are related to UV exposure. Therefore, most, but not all, melanomas are thought to be preventable. Melanoma prevention is best approached in two ways:

  1. Reducing your exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation
  2. Detecting melanoma early

Click on a box below to learn more about prevention and early detection of cutaneous (skin), ocular (eye) and mucosal melanoma.


Primary prevention is defined as reducing or limiting exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Secondary prevention is defined as detecting melanoma in its earliest stages through regular skin exams by a dermatologist.1


Ocular melanoma, or melanoma of the eye, is most often detected through a dilated eye exam by a trained ophthalmologist or optometrist.2


Mucosal melanoma often goes misdiagnosed, mostly because of the anatomical locations of the disease and because of the lack of discernible signs and symptoms, so early detection is key.


  1. Suppa M, Daxhelet M, del Marmol V. Dépistage du mélanome [Melanoma secondary prevention]. Rev Med Brux. 2015;36(4):255-259.
  2. Porter, Daniel. (2019). Ocular Melanoma Diagnosis. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Date of Access: August 20, 2020.


Content last updated: August 20, 2020