Melanoma Education

Melanoma Prevention

Can Melanoma Be Prevented?

Research suggests that nearly 90% of cutaneous melanomas are related to UV exposure. Therefore, most, but not all, melanomas are thought to be preventable.1 Melanoma prevention is best approached in two ways:

  1. Reducing your exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation
  2. Detecting melanoma early

Primary prevention is defined as reducing or limiting exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation to prevent melanoma from occurring. Secondary prevention is defined as detecting melanoma in its earliest stages through regular screenings.2

Click on a box below to learn more about prevention and early detection of cutaneous, ocular, and mucosal melanoma at every age!


Learn more about sun safety for youths from 0-15 years old using the SunAWARE program!

Teens & Young
Adult Prevention

Teens and young adults (age 15-39) can enjoy all of life’s big moments and still prevent melanoma!


It’s never too late to learn to protect yourself from all types of melanoma!


  1. US Department of Health and Human Services. The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Prevent Skin Cancer. Washington (DC): Office of the Surgeon General (US); 2014. Skin Cancer as a Major Public Health Problem. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK247164/
  2. Suppa M, Daxhelet M, del Marmol V. Dépistage du mélanome [Melanoma secondary prevention]. Rev Med Brux. 2015;36(4):255-259.

Content last updated April 2021